INFORMATION FILE FOR UNIT 7

Camping

 

Camping is an elective outdoor recreational activity. Generally held, participants leave developed areas to spend time outdoors in more natural ones in pursuit of activities providing them enjoyment. To be regarded as "camping" a minimum of one night is spent outdoors, distinguishing it from day-tripping, picnicking, and other similarly short-term recreational activities.Camping may involve sheltering in the open air, a tentcaravanmotorhome, or primitive structure. Luxury may be an element

 

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Outdoor cooking with a large pot and other utensils

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OUTDOOR COOKING

OUTDOOR COOKING

Outdoor cooking differs substantially from kitchen-based cooking, the most obvious difference being lack of an easily defined kitchen area. As a result, campers and backpackershave developed a significant body of techniques and specialized equipment for preparing food in outdoors environments. Such techniques have traditionally been associated with nomadiccultures such as the Berbers of North Africa, the Arab Beduins, the Plains Indians and pioneers of North America, and have been carried down to and refined in modern times for use during recreational outdoors pursuits.

Direct heat

The most traditional method for outdoor cooking (and indeed the oldest form of cooking known to humanity) is by means of a campfire. Campfires can be used for cooking food by a number of techniques. The techniques for cooking on a campfire are no different from those used for everyday cooking before the invention of stoves or where stoves are still not available.

Boiling

In backpacking particularly, boiling water is the most common kitchen operation undertaken on the trail, used for cooking or reconstituting food, making hot beverages, cleaning up, and even sanitizing drinking water.

Roasting

Possibly the simplest method of cooking over a campfire and one of the most common is to roast food on long skewers that can be held above the flames. 

Grilling

Grills are simple to use and food being grilled tends to pick up flavors from the smoke. Grills over a campfire are used in the same way as ordinary charcoal barbecues. If the food is simply placed on the grill, it may catch fire so it requires constant attention. Hand-held grills, aka broiler that clamp over the food may be used for various tasks like warming food, grilling burgers or sausages or making toast. In cases where open fires are not allowed, lightweight charcoal grills (sometimes considered a type of hibachi) are sometimes used for direct grilling of food.

Frying

Camp frying pans often lack handles for easy packing, with the camp cook using a clamp-like device to pick up and move the pan. Camp frying pans are generally made out of very thin metal (though some campers do use cast iron pans for this purpose as well), so extra care must be taken to evenly cook the food, especially over the small-diameter flame of a portable stove.

Baking

Putting a baking sheet pan over a furnace can allow for baking, which is in turn derived from the concept of the masonry oven. Ovens can be made from cast iron, sheet metal or aluminum foil covered cardboard box. Reflector ovens are metal containers designed to surround an article of food being baked over an open flame and reflect the heat back towards the food.

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Scouting

Scouting (or the Scout Movement) is a movement that aims to support young people in their physical, mental and spiritual development, that they may play constructive roles in society, with a strong focus on the outdoors and survival skills. 

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Activities

Common ways to implement the Scout method include having Scouts spending time together in small groups with shared experiences, rituals, and activities, and emphasizing good citizenship and decision-making by young people in an age-appropriate manner. Weekly meetings often take place in local centres known as Scout dens. Cultivating a love and appreciation of the outdoors and outdoor activities is a key element. Primary activities include campingwoodcraftaquaticshiking, backpacking, and sports.[58][59]

 

Influence on society

After the inception of Scouting in the early 1900s, the movement has sometimes been taken part in social movements such as the civil rights struggle in the American South and in nationalist resistance movements in India. Although scouting was introduced to Africa by British officials as a way to strengthen their rule, the values they based scouting on helped to challenge the legitimacy of British imperialism. Likewise, African Scouts used the Scout Law's principle that a Scout is a brother to all other Scouts to collectively claim full imperial citizenship.[104][105]

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SNOW PEAK

With the introduction of The Goodhood Life Store came a plethora of incredible new brands into the mix. One of the most exciting of which is the much revered outdoor brand Snow Peak. Founded by Japanese born mountaineer Yukio Yamai in 1958, Snow Peak was born out of a dissatisfaction with outdoor product and a strive to create the most superior gear on the market. Fast forward to 2013 and the brand is continuing to do just that. Take for example the incredible Hozuki Lantern, an LED camping lantern that has a setting that enables the LED light to react to wind and sound, the same way a candle flame would, giving you all the romance of a candle without the danger of live flame in a flammable tent… Amazing. Snow Peak are all about functionality and usability as well as eco-friendly design. The stunning Pack & Carry Fireplace is designed to keep your fire off the ground, limiting the amount of waste left behind and protecting the terrain beneath. Each and every Snow Peak product possesses qualities that make you smile and shake your head with awe. The brand's passion and involvement with it's product truly resonates with the user, to the point dropping everything and venturing into the wild seems like the perfect idea. Shop The Life Store's first Snow Peak selection below and be inspired.

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designing design

from www. design boom.com

design, is basically not self-expression. instead, it originates in society. the essence of design lies in the process of discovering a problem shared by many people and trying to solve it. because the root of the problem is within society, 
everyone can understand plans for solutions and process for solving the problem, in addition to being able to see 
the problem from the designer’s perspective. design is appealing because the process creates inspiration that is engendered by this empathy among human beings in our common values and spirituality
.’ – kenya hara (p. 24)

japanese graphic designer kenya hara has been in the pursuit of nothingness, concentrating on identification and communication, 
making his expertise of design not of ‘things that are’, but of ‘things that happen’. since, 2001 he has been a member of the 
advisory board and also acted as art director of the japanese brand, planning and advertising to promote MUJI’s new vision. 

focusing on the purity of form and its meaning, this book brings forth hara’s theories and philosophical approach to design, 
presented across eight sections: 1. re-design: daily products of the 21st century; 2. haptic: awakening the senses;
3. senseware: medium that intrigues man; 4. white; 5. muji: nothing, yet everything; 6. viewing the world from the tip of asia; 
7. exformation: a new information format; and 8. what is design?.

hara’s dialogue throughout the publication is supported by examples of his own work, allowing us to see how he deconstructs and reconstructs one’s senses through design. for him, design is not necessarily always about creating something new, but also the act of making the known unknown. as a curator, he organized the exhibition ‘re-design: daily products of the 21st century’ based on this notion of getting leading japanese creators to (re-)design some very mundane commodities such as toilet paper and tea bags. 
it was a bit of an experiment in having individuals to re-evaluate the design of existing objects. hara’s intention was not so much to actually have these designers and architects come up with improved designs of the existing, but the results did in fact show clear ideas and exhibited a difference in the thought behind them and the conventional products."

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toilet paper

 architect shigeru ban was given the subject of toilet paper. known for his use of paper to construct permanent buildings, for his ‘re-design’, ban transformed the typically round core of a toilet paper roll into a square. though simple in its approach, the new design offered resistance, reducing the consumption of resources while also sending out a message to economize. when packing the square rolls, they fit together more seamlessly saving space upon transportation and storage. the simple re-design of the round toilet paper roll to a square allows the product to fit together nicely when packaged, saving space during transportation and storage

 

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matches’ answered by kaoru mende

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another project was that of lighting designer kaoru mende, who hara asked to reconsider matches. his concept was to take twigs and coat their tips with a combustible substance. the idea behind this was that, these small sticks have a final role before returning to the soil.

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‘HAPTIC logo’, 2004 (pp. 68) animal hairs on silicone

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in chapter two, ‘haptic: awakening the senses’ hara presents the outcomes of an exhibition whereby he asked participants to design 
an object motivated by ‘haptic’ considerations rather than shape and color. it was an exercise in ‘feeling’ rather than form.
refused the right to sketch out their designs, the contributors designed pieces which stimulated other senses and feelings
upon interaction with them.
for hara, design is about igniting the senses, using them to change our perception of that which is around us,
and how things could be.

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Instead of applying pattern to the surface of the chopsticks, the Sukima design creates the shape of playing card suits in a gap between the sticks.

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TED TALKS

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Don Norman: Three ways good design makes you happy

Youtube VIDEOS

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Family Camping - Basic Gear & Equipment Needed

Family Camping Tips - GO Outdoors

Spending a night or 2 camping can be an exciting way to enjoy the outdoors, but there are a few pieces of equipment and things you need to know, that will ensure your trip is an enjoyable experience. In this video guide, we explore the world of Family camping and offer up some helpful tips and hints to those first time campers. 

The first tent which we look at is the Hi Gear Atakama 5. It is a classic dome design, and like all dome tents it offers a good compromise between internal space and stability. With most family dome tents they come with fiber glass poles which are suitable for most conditions and keep the cost of the tent down. Whereas, alloy poles tend to be stronger and more durable, but they are more expensive and are mostly supplied with high-end tents.

Another popular design is the tunnel tent. In the video, we demonstrate why they are generally the quickest tent to pitch and give you a lot of space, especially headroom that extends the length of the tent. But its important to remember to always peg out the guy lines on a tunnel tent, regardless of the conditions, also it's worth trying to pitch a tunnel with either the tail, or nose into the wind.

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WEBSITES/BLOGS/ONLINE RESOURCES

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Sleeping bag

sleeping bag is a protective "bag" for a person to sleep in, essentially a blanket that can be closed with a zipperor similar means, and functions as a bed in situations where a bed is unavailable (e.g. when campinghikinghill walking or climbing). Its primary purpose is to provide warmth and thermal insulation. It also protects, to some extent, against wind chillprecipitation, and exposure to view, but a tent performs those functions better. The bottom surface also provides some cushioning, but a sleeping pad is usually used in addition for that purpose. A bivouac sack (bivy) is a waterproof cover for a sleeping bag that may be used in place of a tent for lightweight travelers or as a backup if inclement weather occurs.

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Design types

 

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A basic sleeping bag is simply a square blanket, fitted withzipper on two or three sides, allowing it to be folded in half and secured in this position. A sleeping bag of this type is packed by being folded in half or thirds, rolled up, and bound with straps or cords with cord locks. The basic design works well for most camping needs but is inadequate under more demanding circumstances.

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Fill

Many different insulating materials are available for sleeping bags. Outdoor professionals usually prefer either synthetic fill (e.g. PrimaLoft), or natural fill (e.g. down), and they have debated the merits of these materials for years.

Synthetic fill does not readily absorb water, dries easily, and provides some warmth even when thoroughly soaked. These properties may save the owner's life if, for example, the sleeping bag is accidentally dropped into water on a cold day. Synthetic material is also firm and resilient, so it insulates well even underneath a person's weight. On the flipside, synthetic fill cannot be compressed as much as down and it weighs more, causing such bags to take up more space and weight when not in use. Furthermore synthetic insulation tend to break down faster than its natural counterpart.

Down fill weighs less than synthetic and retains heat better, but usually costs more. Down must be kept dry; a soaked, down sleeping bag may provide even less insulation than no sleeping bag at all, leading to hypothermia. Newer, more technically advanced sleeping bags often have water-resistant shells and can be used in damper conditions. It is also recommended to keep a sleeping bag in a larger sack (storage sack) as opposed to the small traveling sack (compression bag) during long periods of storage. However, many regular backpackers and hikers agree that hanging a sleeping bag, taking care to move the position of the bag on the hanger at intervals so as to not create a "dead spot" (a spot where the fill has been crushed so that it is no longer useful), is the best method of storing a bag for long durations.

Other materials, notably cotton and wool, have also been used for sleeping bags. Wool repels water nicely and also resists compression, but it weighs much more than any alternative. Cotton suffers from high water retention and significant weight, but its low cost makes it an attractive option for uses like stationary camping where these drawbacks are of little consequence.

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Travel trailer

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Travel trailer

travel trailer or caravan is towed behind a road vehicle to provide a place to sleep which is more comfortable and protected than a tent (although there are fold-down trailer tents).[1][2] It provides the means for people to have their own home on a journey or a vacation, without relying on a motel or hotel, and enables them to stay in places where none is available. However, in some countries campers are restricted to designated sites for which fees are payable.

Travel trailers and caravans vary from basic models which may be little more than a tent on wheels to those containing several rooms with all the furniture and furnishings and equipment of a home. They are used principally in North AmericaEuropeAustralia and New Zealand and are rare elsewhere.

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DESIGNERS' WORKS

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B-and-Bee camping concept proposes stackable sleeping cells for festivals

The B-and-Bee hexagonal sleeping cells each contain a king-size bed that can transform into a lounge seat, with storage space underneath. Lockers, lights and a power supply are also included in the larch wood-clad cells, which can be stacked four high in a diagonal line to accommodate 50 revellers on 100 square metres of ground. Each module is winched onto a base frame using a crane, forming an interlocking stack. Roll-up fabric covers protect the occupants from the elements, but can be secured open to let in air or allow the users to watch performances from inside.

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Colonel launches collection based on nomadic furniture at Maison&Objet

Designers Isabelle Gilles and Yann Poncelet of Colonel have released a series of new products and updated items in their previous collection, released at the same exhibition last year. [We] drew this new collection in the same spirit as the previous one, which makes the brand signature - light wood, patterns and fresh colours reminding travel and holidays throughout the year," said the designers. The two sliding doors of a small beech wood sideboard are cut with perpendicular slots, which create a grid pattern when they overlap. Designed to look like a shepherd's stool, the three-legged Bob wooden coffee table with a curved lip comes in beech or light grey and at two heights.

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Adventure camping

Adventure camping is a form of camping by people who race (possibly adventure racing or mountain biking) during the day, and camp in a minimalist way at night. They might use the basic items of camping equipment such as a micro-camping stove, sleeping bag, and bivouac bag.

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Backpacking

  • Ultralight backpacking enthusiasts bring as little as possible while camping, inherently producing a smaller footprint and minimalized impact on a wilderness environment. The choice to camp with less, or even the minimum necessary to survive, may be a matter of preference (where it may overlap with "survivalist" style camping) or reflect the activity being pursued. 
  • Canoe camping is similar to backpacking, and often affords much more weight and bulk to be carried when extended portaging is not involved. Electric motors or small gas ones may be attached on some canoes, where allowed, for a faster journey on the water. Waterproof bags and fishing gear are common gear.
  • Bicycle camping combines camping with cycling, both in developed and natural areas.[6] A form of bicycle camping that has become popular in some parts of the world involves cycling organisations offering organised multi-day rides and providing riders with facilities and luggage transport.
  • Motorcycle camping is more similar to bicycle camping than car camping due to limited storage capacity. Lightweight, compact backpacking equipment is used.
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Car, Off-Road, and RV

These forms of camping involve using a powered vehicle as an essential element of the camping experience.

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Glamping

Glamping (glamorous camping) is a growing global phenomenon that combines camping with the luxury and amenities of a home or hotel.

Glamping is its modern equivalent, combining both yesterday's amenities and today's technology.[9] Also called boutique camping, luxury camping, posh camping, or comfy camping, today's glamping features such structures as yurtstipis, pods, bell tents, safari tents, tent cabins, and tree houses.[10]

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Reenactment camping

Reenactment camping employs the methods and equipment appropriate to a specific historic era for personal enjoyment and other purposes such as instruction and entertainment.

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Social camping

Many campers enjoy socializing with small groups of fellow campers. Such groups will arrange events throughout the year to allow members with similar interests or from similar geographical areas in order to collaborate. This allows families to form small close-knit societies, and children to form lasting friendships.

Some who participate in this sort of camping feel that it brings a closer form of bonding, as members become more mutually dependent than they would otherwise be in modern society.[12] Social camping can also build more of a bond between members of the same family and between different families. It is common for many campers to organize this type of activities with their friends or neighbors. Social camping goes beyond uniting families and it may also give the opportunity for lonely campers to enjoy this type of activity with individuals who share their enthusiasm in this matter.

Because of the bonding this type of camping promotes, it can also be used as a personnel training facility. In fact, many companies offer their employees this type of training because it helps connect people who do not necessarily know each other but who need to work in the same environment and need to get along successfully.

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Survivalist camping

Survivalist campers learn the skills needed to survive in any outdoor situation. This activity may require skills in obtaining food from the wild, emergency medical treatments, orienteering, and pioneering.

 

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Winter camping

Winter camping characteristically refers to wilderness camping in cold seasons in temperate climates, which typically include snow, rather than in areas where snow is present year-round (such as in arctic regions or mountains high enough to maintain permanent snow cover). It puts a premium on high quality and lightness of gear, experience, and nerve – as risks may include frostbite and becoming snowbound.

In addition to packing shelters such as tents or bivouac gear, alternative shelter-building skills are key, such as for snow caves and igloos. Wicking clothing suitable for layering and a regard for appropriate nutrition and food preparation are key.[15]

 

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Workcamping

Workcamping allows campers to trade their labor variously for discounts on campsite fees, campground utilities, and even some degree of pay. Workcamping is usually seasonal, from May to October, although in warm weather areas such as Florida and Arizona, it can be year round.[16] Workcamping is prevalent among retired travelers, who often own their own recreational vehicles. They will trade labor at campground tasks, such as maintenance, against fees. Camp host programs favor trades of participation in hospitality roles, such as introducing new visitors to campground facilities and organizing group activities.

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Urban camping

Urban camping is what it sounds like, and has its own unique set of circumstances.[13][14] See Occupy Wall Street for a protest movement that involved elements of urban camping in a non-recreational form of extended outdoor accommodation.

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Camping equipment

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‘exit/entry stamps’ answered by masahiko sato

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re-design of exit and entry stamps for passports at international airports by masahiko sato

as part of the exercise, hara asked masahiko sato to re-design the exit and entry stamps for passports at international airports, 
with the underlying note that it should ‘warm people’s hearts’. his response features an airplane pointing to the right’ 
for arrival with the date graphically composed as the body of the aircraft, and an airplane pointing to the left as the departure stamp.

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‘cabbage bowls’ by yasuhiro suzuki

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‘cabbage bowls’ by yasuhiro suzuki

from www.dezeen.com

"white is not white. the receptivity that senses white is what gives birth to whiteness. so we cannot look for white. 
we need to search instead for a way of feeling that will sense white. depending on this search, for the receptivity that senses white, 
we will be able to aim our consciousness towards a white that is a liter whiter than the average white. with that ability, 
we will become conscious of white. and then we will become aware of white enmeshed in an incredible diversity in the world’s many cultures. 
we will become able to understand words like ‘tranquility,’ or ‘emptiness,’ and discern the meanings dormant within them. 
as we turn our attention toward white, the world gathers more light, and shadows deepen in degree
,’ he says.
this philosophy comes through in the book itself whereby white acts as space in which images and text are arranged in a
manner which allows everything to ‘breathe’ in such a way that provides the reader with a sense of calm.
there is no chaos, just simplicity so that even though the information at hand may seem complex, 
the ‘white’ brings a sense of clarity.“

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Nendo works with traditional manufacturer to redesign chopsticks

Nendo collaborated with a traditional manufacturer of lacquered chopsticks from the town of Obama in Japan's Fukui Prefecture to produce a range of contemporary designs that provide novel twists on the style, materials and functionality of the ubiquitous product.

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Japanese studio Nendo has redesigned the humble chopstick, creating six new versions including one with a profile that looks like a flower。 The Hanataba chopsticks feature grooves in the broader end that increase the surface area and improve grip. The grooves create a shape on the end that resembles a flower and can be painted different colours.

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The tips of the Jikaoki chopsticks are carved to a thin point so they avoid touching the surface when placed on the table.

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A simple twist carved into the end of the Rassen chopsticks, produced using a combination of a computer-controlled milling machine and handcrafted processes, enables the two pieces to slot together as one piece.

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The wood is carved into different shapes that produce the negative form of hearts, clubs, diamonds and spades when the sticks are placed next to each other. An aluminium core is embedded inside the wood to compensate for the weakness created by the carving. A gap in one side of the square-shaped Kamiai chopsticks enables the two pieces to snap together when not in use. Magnets placed on the outside of the sticks hold them in place but stop them sticking together while eating.

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Family Camping Sleeping Tips

Ultralight Tips: Quilts Vs. Sleeping Bags

Solo Camping Video

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The second major type of sleeping bag, sometimes called a mummy bag because of its shape, is different in a number of important ways. It tapers from the head end to the foot end, reducing its volume and surface area, and improving its overall heat retention properties. Some bags are designed specially to accommodate women's body shapes. Most mummy bags do not unzip all the way to the feet, because the zipper is a weak point in any sleeping bag's insulating qualities. Together with the tapered shape, this design feature helps protect the feet, which are more vulnerable to heat loss than other parts of the body.[citation needed] Another design feature is a drawstring, equipped with a cord lock, at the head end to help prevent the escape of warm air. A mummy bag often cannot be rolled like a rectangular bag. Instead, it is simply stuffed into a stuff sack or compression sack.

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The bottom of a sleeping bag typically does not provide significant insulation, because body weight crushes the loft of the insulation material. Due to this, it is necessary to use a pad or other less crush-able insulation underneath the sleeper, especially in cold weather. Due to this, some sleeping bags do not include insulation on the bottom. Some include a sleeve for holding a sleeping pad. Additionally, some campers, especially ultralight backpackers or hammock campers, have started to use a top quilt, essentially a sleeping bag without a back. Some top quilts include a foot box, while others are just simple blankets.

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Indoor sleeping bag

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Indoor sleeping bags

Indoor sleeping bags, sometimes called slumber bags, are widely available, often for use particularly by children. These are usually not designed to be weatherproof and are often made of natural fabrics instead of the synthetic fabrics commonly used for outdoor sleeping bags. Children's sleeping bags in particular often feature elaborate, brightly colored printed designs, such as images of popular media characters. Slumber bags make floor sleeping more comfortable, and are often used for sleepovers, family visits, and other situations where there are not enough beds for everyone.

 

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infant sleeping bag

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Infant use

An infant sleeping bag is a bag-like garment or covering worn by infants for sleeping in. Infant sleeping bags differ from regular sleeping bags in design and purpose, being designed primarily for indoor rather than outdoor use, and usually featuring either arm holes or sleeves.

The definition used in the British Standard[3] for safety of children's sleep bags is "sleep bags for the use of children with a minimum weight of 4 kg designed to provide sufficient warmth so as to remove the need for additional bedding when sleeping in a cot or similar product in which a child is contained." It goes on to exclude "garments with sleeves and feet, i.e. sleep suits or baby gros, or to products designed primarily for outdoor use or to keep children warm when in a pushchair."

 

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Fionda chair by Jasper Morrison for Mattiazzi

Called Fionda, which means "sling" in Italian, the chair by Jasper Morrisonis composed of a folding wooden frame and a loose canvas seat that hooks over the corners and can be removed to enable the chairs to be stacked horizontally. The chair will be available as a dining chair or a lounge chair and there will also be a matching stackable table.

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nature--fruit

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